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The government of Georgia indicated interest in hosting Peace Corps Volunteers as early as 1994. In late 1999, after multiple inquiries from the Georgian government and with affirmations from the U.S. embassy that the security and development situation was conducive to Peace Corps Volunteer service, the potential for a program was reassessed. Following a positive review, Peace Corps began designing the Georgia program in 2000.

In exploring various programming opportunities, Georgian government officials and Peace Corps staff determined that an education project targeting English language learning, interactive teaching methods, and the use of new technologies would meet the nation’s growing demand for English language competence and have great potential for enhancing the capacities of the Georgian education system. In 2001, 21 Volunteers arrived to work in secondary English teaching assignments. In 2004, Peace Corps Georgia initiated a nongovernmental organization (NGO) support project with 10 Volunteers. These two program areas have evolved over time and are now called the English and Youth Engagement (EYE) for the Future project and the Individual and Organizational Development (IOD) project.

The unexpected August 2008 invasion of Georgia by Russian forces led to the evacuation of all Peace Corps Georgia Volunteers. By mid-August all fighting had ceased, but Russian forces continued to occupy areas of Georgian territory well beyond the boundaries of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. With no immediate resolution in sight, Volunteers either transferred to other posts or closed their service. Peace Corps Georgia welcomed the next group of Volunteers in 2009. The program gained strength with both English Education and Individual and Organizational Development Volunteers serving throughout the country.

In 2010, Peace Corps Georgia initiated the Peace Corps Response project and brought in 15 Volunteers with specialized skills in different areas including environmental education, tourism, English teacher training, and others. Peace Corps Response sends experienced professionals to undertake short-term, high-impact service assignments in communities around the world. Peace Corps Response Volunteers are expected to possess the technical skills needed to fulfill their assigned role with minimal training.

In 2021, the initial virtual service pilot projects were initiated with Georgian partner organizations. Virtual Service connects qualified U.S. citizens with host country counterparts to meet partner requests in new ways – from supplementing on-the-ground Volunteer efforts to reaching regions where Volunteers cannot go. Participants collaborate virtually with counterparts to complete project tasks, donating 5-15 hours per week for 3-6 months.

Since 2001, more than 900 Volunteers have served with Peace Corps in Georgia.