Projects in Tanzania
Peace Corps Tanzania Sustainable Agriculture project provides trained Volunteers who work with community members to employ proven extension methods (e.g., one-on-one teaching, group training, and farmer-to-farmer demonstrations). The Volunteers transfer agriculture-related knowledge, skills, and attitudes directly to smallholder farmers, including women, men, and youth. Also, Agriculture Volunteers assist smallholder farmers’ households to adopt several aspects of agricultural production: improved crops cultivation technologies and practices, small animal husbandry, including chicken and beekeeping; improved soil and water conservation and management practices; agroforestry practices and, improved post-harvest management. Additionally, agriculture Volunteers assist smallholder-farming households to adopt business skills that will improve the management of and increase income from their agriculture-based income-generating opportunities. Additionally, Agriculture Volunteers assist smallholder-farming household members—particularly women of reproductive age and children under 2—to access, cook, and/or consume more diverse, nutrient-rich foods that improve their nutrition.
The Government of Tanzania has currently reinforced its priorities in enhancing engagement of youth in the agricultural sector through agribusiness and improving nutrition for primary schools through gardening. These priorities align with the Peace Corps agriculture project framework. Peace Corps Tanzania continues to build skills of Volunteers and their community counterparts in facilitating positive behavior change towards agriculture, mobilize rural youth to form strong groups to access financial support, train them on best agriculture practices and agribusiness. Also, Volunteers and their counterparts work with primary schools in nutrition education, gardening and fruit tree growing projects to supplement students’ meals with essential nutrients.
Education Volunteers teach math, science, and English subjects in both public and private secondary schools. The language of instruction is English.
Of the current Volunteers in Tanzania, about 60 percent serve in the Education sector. The majority of Volunteers teach secondary school math, science (biology, chemistry, physics) or English subjects. Volunteers also teach information and communications technology (ICT) or are placed at teachers’ or technical colleges. Peace Corps/Tanzania does not place Volunteers in primary or pre-primary positions. Volunteers work with a focus on the two goals of the sector: improved achievement in math, science, and English proficiency and comprehension; and assist Tanzanian teachers to improve their content-based, student-centered teaching techniques in these subjects.
The Health sector has a substantial focus on HIV/AIDS education. Volunteers play an important role in HIV/AIDS prevention through behavior change communication, education and life skills activities. Due to high levels of poverty in villages, Volunteers spend significant amounts of time creating and facilitating opportunities for villagers to improve their livelihoods.
Volunteers also play a big role in primary health-care education, which includes instruction on safe water and sanitation, prevention of waterborne and diarrheal diseases, malaria, and maternal and child nutrition. Volunteers are also involved with care and support for people living with HIV and orphans and vulnerable children, targeting them and empowering them with the needed knowledge to manage their health conditions as affected populations.
Feed the Future
In 2013, Peace Corps partnered with USAID’s Feed the Future program to fight poverty and under-nutrition across Tanzania. Some Volunteers, in collaboration with Tanzanian counterparts, work on projects or trainings involving:
- Chicken husbandry and large livestock rearing (cows, goats, etc.)
- Fuel-efficient cook stove construction
- Water storage and sanitation construction
- Post-harvest techniques
- Latrine construction
- Food value added/processing (e.g., drying, canning)
- Water irrigation
- Gardening/tree nurseries/seed beds/seed saving
- Land use management (e.g., agroforestry)
- Environmental sustainability
President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief
Recognizing the seriousness of HIV/AIDS in Tanzania, all Peace Corps Volunteers receive training in strategies for awareness and prevention as part of the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). They are encouraged to be involved in these activities in their communities to support the Government of Tanzania’s effort to reduce the 4.4% prevalence rate of the disease. In the field, Peace Corps Volunteers and their Tanzanian counterparts educate about transmission, prevention, and treatment of HIV, organise events to support community/mobile testing and reduction of stigma, host World AIDS Day events to raise awareness in their communities and arrange assistance for people living with HIV/AIDS, through nutrition and life skills education, sustainable agriculture activities, and income-generating activities.
President's Malaria Initiative
The fight against malaria has been a Peace Corps initiative for decades through the President's Malaria Initiative. While advancements have been made against malaria, it is still the #1 killer of children under 5 years old in Africa. The goal is to prevent and cure malaria in rural communities.
Volunteers and their Tanzanian counterparts:
- Teach malaria science, prevention, and treatment in the classroom, community meeting or clinic environments
- Start a school health club
- Encourage the use of Indoor Residual Spray and bed nets
- Coach PC SKILLZ, a life skills program that uses soccer to teach life skills topics, including malaria
- Host World Malaria Day (April 25th) events to raise awareness in their communities (e.g., voluntary testing, sports, community theater, awareness parade, showing films)