The Peace Corps marked its entry into Mexico in 2004. This initiative originated in 2001 when Mexican President Vicente Fox and U.S. President George W. Bush signed the Partnership for Prosperity, an agreement that envisioned several initiatives to strengthen cooperation between the two countries. Mexico’s National Council for Science and Technology (CONACYT) expressed interest in working with the Peace Corps in several of its centers in an effort to strengthen how knowledge, processes, and technologies were being generated and transferred to those directly impacting the quality of life in Mexico.

In November 2003, the first agreement was signed between the Peace Corps and CONACYT and the program began. In anticipation of the arrival of the first group of Volunteers in October 2004, the Peace Corps established its office in Querétaro, an important city two hours north of Mexico City. In June 2006, Peace Corps/Mexico signed a partnership agreement with the Secretariat of the Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT) and the first Environment Volunteers began their service in January 2007. 

Currently, there are approximately 70 Volunteers working throughout most of central and southeast Mexico. Peace Corps/Mexico has expanded to work with an increasing number of state and municipal governments, as well as higher education institutions. The post recently revised and strengthened the strategic project frameworks for the two projects.