In 1961, President John F. Kennedy established the United States Peace Corps in an effort to promote world peace and offer an opportunity for cultural exchange. Peace Corps arrived in Swaziland in 1969 to focus on building capacity in the education sector. Due to the immense progress in Swaziland's school system, Peace Corps ended their program in 1997.
In 2003, Peace Corps received an invitation to reopen its program to focus on the increasing HIV epidemic. The Community Health Project aims to promote local leadership and response to the HIV epidemic in collaboration with the Government of Swaziland and international partners
In 2011, Peace Corps launched a Youth Development program to build the capacity of young people to live healthy and productive lives. With the introduction of the Youth Development framework, volunteers facilitate projects that empower girls, promote literacy, and assist schools in providing additional support for orphans and vulnerable children.
Peace Corps Swaziland continues to expand with the Global Health Service Partnership (GHSP) program being introduced in 2016. The first group of six volunteer nurse educators arrived to serve one year at the local Universities. Currently they serve at University of Swaziland, Mbabane Campus and Southern Africa Nazarene University specializing in medical and surgical nursing, community health nursing and midwifery education. In partnership with the Universities, GHSP inspires faculty and students to improve the quality of nursing by becoming more qualified in the field of nursing.
Today, Peace Corps Swaziland finds itself supporting a growing number of volunteers. There are currently around 72 volunteers in country divided between the Community Health and Youth Development sectors. Each June, a new group of volunteers is welcomed by 28 staff members who will support them throughout their service. And so begins their 27-month commitment to Peace Corps Swaziland. There are also 6 Peace Corps Response volunteers serving for one year in the Global Health Service Partnership program at the local Universities as nursing educators.