Camouflage Hide and Seek

This lesson plan invites students to reenact and deduce how the animal adaptation of camouflage is exploited in the predator-prey relationship and in nature.


To learn how animals camouflage themselves by playing a variation of hide and seek


  • For the variation activity, string and assorted objects of various colors


10-30 minutes


Explain to the kids that they will be playing hide and seek. The rules, however, are slightly different. The finder is the hawk and will not move. The kids who hide must leave a portion of their bodies showing (e.g., a finger, a shoe, some hair). The hawk will close their eyes and count to 30 while everyone hides, and then will call out where they see other kids hiding. The best hiding place (the person who best uses the concept of camouflage, as decided by the instructor) will be the next hawk. If the kids are good at hiding, challenge them to move closer to the hawk and see who can get the closest without being seen. Change locations periodically. 

After the game, go over why camouflage is critical to the survival of so many animal species. Ask kids to name examples of animals that camouflage themselves. To discuss further, ask the kids why so many plants and animals are not camouflaged. Why are there colors besides green and brown in nature? The answers would be: (1) to attract a mate—e.g., birds, some lizards; (2) to attract a pollinator—e.g., flowers; (3) to warn other animals to stay away because they are poisonous or dangerous—e.g., wasps and bees, many caterpillars, butterflies, some frogs and salamanders, coral snakes; and (4) to pretend they are poisonous or dangerous by mimicking animals that are—e.g., various butterflies and other insects, some snakes.

This lesson plan is an activity from the Environmental Activities for Youth Clubs and Camps, a resource developed by the Peace Corps Office of Overseas Programming and Training (OPATS). It was contributed by Peace Corps/Mexico.

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