Preventing Communicable and Noncommunicable Diseases
- Classroom Project
Investigate the global challenge of disease prevention - including both communicable and noncommunicable diseases. Students explore the domestic and global impacts of disease, and learn about some of the strategies that Peace Corps volunteers are using to help reduce the risk of communicable and noncommunicable diseases in their host communities. Finally, each student will select a disease to research in depth.
Maintaining good health and preventing disease are important factors for a person’s quality of life. In developing and developed countries alike, health concerns pose serious economic and social challenges.
Preventable communicable, or infectious, diseases like malaria and HIV/AIDS account for millions of deaths in the world each year, especially in low-income countries. Noncommunicable, or chronic, diseases like heart disease and diabetes are having an increasing effect across the globe.
Disease prevention depends on many factors like access to medical care and supplies, infrastructure, and quality health education. Ensuring equitable access to health care resources like these is a shared global responsibility.
You will research disease prevention issues and investigate how communicable and non-communicable diseases affect the world.
Materials & Procedures
What are communicable and noncommunicable diseases?
Review the links below to learn more about two major types of diseases.
Communicable diseases, also known as infectious diseases:
Noncommunicable diseases, also known as chronic diseases:
What are some examples of communicable and noncommunicable diseases?
Create a Venn diagram to illustrate what communicable and noncommunicable diseases have in common, as well as what distinguishes these types of diseases from one another.
How do communicable diseases affect the world?
- Which causes of death would be classified as communicable, or infectious, diseases?
- When you look at percentages of deaths from communicable diseases, what difference do you notice between low-income and high-income countries? Why do you think these differences exist?
How do noncommunicable diseases affect the world?
Noncommunicable – or chronic – diseases are the leading cause of death and disability in the world. They make up a greater percentage of deaths in high-income countries than in low-income countries, including 7 out of every 10 deaths in the U.S. However, the total number of chronic disease deaths is still highest among developing countries.
Review each of the major risk factors for noncommunicable disease:
Learn how Peace Corps Volunteers are working in their communities to reduce the spread of communicable diseases.
- Public health work of Volunteers
- HIV/AIDS Prevention
- Malaria prevention in Africa
- Global Handwashing Day
What resources for disease prevention were these Peace Corps Volunteers helping their communities access?
Do your own research
Identify if the disease is communicable or noncommunicable.
Determine the factors that cause the disease
Which of these factors are most prevalent in your community?
Write about the most effective ways to reduce these risks.